A perfect storm is brewing. A contentious election is underway, federal and state deficits are expanding rapidly due to COVID-19, and generous tax laws are scheduled to end after 2025. The result? We could see some dramatic tax increases in the not-too-distant future. Many financial advisers, Sanderson Wealth Management included, believe that it is not a matter of if income taxes will increase, but when.
The Potential Tax Impact of a Biden Victory.
Democrats have long been critical of Trump’s tax policies, particularly the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA), which reversed many Obama-era tax policies. While not completely reversing TCJA, Biden’s tax plan generally raises taxes on corporations and individual taxpayers earning $400,000+ per year, while increasing tax credits for low- and middle-income taxpayers.
Here’s a breakdown of Biden’s plan for individual taxpayers.
Increases top marginal tax rate to 39.6% from today’s 37%
Salary & Wages
Imposes a 12.4% Social Security payroll tax for wages above $400K (split between employees and employers)
Capital Gains & Qualified Dividends
Taxes long-term capital gains and qualified dividends at 39.6% on income above $1M; also eliminates step up in basis at death
For those earning $400K+, caps itemized deductions at 28% of a taxpayer’s AGI and restores the Pease limitation
Qualified Business Income Deduction
Phases out deduction for taxpayers with taxable income above $400K
Child & Dependent Care Tax Credit
Increases expense base to $8K and maximum reimbursement rate to 50%
Biden’s proposed corporate tax policies are more complicated. Corporations could expect some major changes, including:
- Increased corporate tax rate from 21% to 28% (still below the pre-TCJA top marginal rate of 35%)
- A corporate version of the Alternative Minimum Tax for corporations with book profits over $100M
- Expansion of various renewable energy related tax credits
The nonpartisan Tax Foundation has analyzed the effects of Biden’s tax plan over the next decade. We expect reductions in GDP of about -1.47%, while federal tax revenues would increase by roughly $3.05T. Their analysis also indicates that the top 1% of taxpayers (generally defined as those with AGI over $515K) would see their after-tax income drop by 9.9% in 2021, while the next 5% would decrease by a more modest 1.3%. On the other end of the spectrum, the bottom 20% would see an increase of 10.8% and the next 20% would see an increase of 3.6%. For context, taxpayers with AGI below $42K generally fall in the bottom 50%.
No matter how the election goes, federal revenue deficits are already a reality. Whether driven by COVID-19 expenditures and losses, or the cumulative impact of the TCJA provisions over the past few years, the CBO expects federal debt to balloon to well over 100% of GDP in coming years.
This gap will have to be filled in part through increased tax revenues, regardless of which party is in power. Wealthy taxpayers should expect their tax burden to increase, whether that’s through some of the proposals noted above or variations of them.
State tax coffers are also severely strained. The National Conference of State Legislatures projects that states such as California and New Jersey could see a greater than 20% drop in fiscal year 2021 revenue. States with large deficits will doubtless look to their residents (and perhaps shifty nonresidents) to partially plug the hole in their budgets. Still grappling with their initial COVID-19 response, very few state governments have released specific tax plans or proposals. As the books close on 2020 and state governments start looking to 2021, expect to see state tax increases in the headlines.
Cuts Come to an End.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act that went into effect on January 1, 2018 provided vast tax cuts – but only temporarily. Almost all of the tax cuts pertaining to individuals and estates are scheduled to end after 2025, reverting back to Obama-era policies. Unless the TCJA provisions are extended, wealthy taxpayers will see a dramatic increase in their 2026 tax liabilities.
That said, we’re likely to see a new tax bill enacted before the TJCA expires. Every few years, the president and Congress address current economic conditions through tax reform. The COVID-19 fiscal crisis will be no different. What that new tax bill will look like is anyone’s guess!
So, What Should I Do?
Income and estate taxes appear to be on their way up in the coming years. Be mindful of the impact of higher tax rates in the next five to seven years on deferred income and retirement draws. Depending on the election results and events of the coming months, it may make sense to recognize income today rather than defer it into the future. At SWM our tax team works with our clients to model the impact of potential changes in taxes, in an attempt to maximize tax efficiency. We urge everyone to do the same.
© 2020 Sanderson Wealth Management LLC. This information is not intended to be and should not be treated as legal, investment, accounting or tax advice and is for informational purposes only. Readers, including professionals, should under no circumstances rely upon this information as a substitute for their own research or for obtaining specific legal, accounting, or tax advice from their own counsel. All information discussed herein is current as of the date appearing in this material and is subject to change at any time without notice. Opinions expressed are those of the author, do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Sanderson Wealth Management, and are subject to change without notice. The information has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but its accuracy and interpretation are not guaranteed.
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